The Biden administration on Saturday called on China to do more to help developing countries fight climate change, which has so far refused to support international climate finance funds, the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases.
Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen delivered the message during her second day of meetings in Beijing, where she will seek to foster areas of cooperation between the United States and China. While China has supported programs to help poor countries deal with the effects of climate change, it has been selective in choosing which funds to support, arguing that it is also a developing country.
Ms. Yellen said China and the United States share a common interest in climate change, and that if the countries work together, they can make an even more significant impact.
“If China supports multilateral climate institutions like the Green Climate Fund and Climate Investment Funds with us and other donor governments, I believe we can have a bigger impact than we do today,” Ms. Yellen said. A panel of Chinese and international sustainable finance experts on Saturday morning.
During a meeting Saturday afternoon with Vice Premier He Lifeng, who oversees China’s economy, Ms. Yellen raised climate finance and the debt difficulties of developing countries.
At the beginning of that meeting, Mrs. Yellen said the U.S. and China “face critical global challenges in emerging markets and developing countries, such as debt crises and climate change, where we owe it to our own countries to cooperate with other countries.”
Mrs. Yellen and Mr. They met in a conference room and then had dinner together for a total of nearly seven hours. It was a marathon session, rivaling the seven-and-a-half hours Chinese Foreign Secretary Anthony Blinken and Chinese Foreign Minister Qin Gang spent in a meeting following a dinner in Beijing three weeks ago. Liaison with the Chinese Government.
Mr. He has rarely met with foreign officials or business executives in recent years, and many of his private views on policy are shrouded in mystery, prompting a strong desire by U.S. officials to establish more communication with him.
The Treasury Department, in a statement following the meeting, described the dialogue as “candid, constructive and comprehensive”. Ms. While Yellen raised “issues of concern,” she “discussed the administration’s approach to seeking healthy economic competition with China, with a level playing field for American workers and businesses.”
“Despite the United States and China’s differences, Secretary Yellen said it is imperative that the two countries find ways to work together on shared — and global — concerns, including the debt burden on low-income and emerging economies and climate finance,” the statement said.
The U.S. and China are facing pressure from developing countries to mobilize more money for developing countries struggling to close coal plants, build renewable energy, or cope with the effects of climate change, such as building seawalls, improving drainage or developing preemptively. Warning systems for floods and storms.
Under President Barack Obama, the United States pledged $3 billion over four years to the United Nations-led Green Climate Fund, which aims to help poor countries. It has so far delivered $2 billion in pledges. Republicans have repeatedly tried to block taxpayer spending on the fund and other climate funding, but President Biden has used discretionary spending within the State Department to fulfill part of the U.S. pledge.
China pledged $3.1 billion, and studies show it has provided about 10 percent. Its leaders provide money to developing countries through “South-South” cooperation. This is because under the United Nations climate system, China is still considered a developing country, not an industrialized country, even though China now has a much larger manufacturing sector than any other country.
It has long resisted pressure to contribute to the same climate funds as rich countries.
Ma Jun, director of the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, a research group in Beijing, said China is ready to help developing countries deal with climate change and manage the transition to a warmer world. But developing countries are already being harmed by cumulative emissions released, mostly by industrialized countries, and those countries themselves must bear more responsibility, he said.
“The industrialized nations must fulfill their long-neglected obligations,” said Mr. Ma said.
Mr. Ma was echoing the Chinese government’s position. China’s climate envoy Xie Zhenhua said in an interview last year that “it is not China’s duty to provide financial assistance” under United Nations climate rules, after creating a new multilateral fund to help poor countries cope with economic losses from climate disasters. .
John Morton, a former Treasury Department climate adviser under the Biden administration, said any meaningful contribution from China would help the U.S. get Congress and others to approve climate funding. He added that there could be other ways for the two superpowers to work together to help developing countries reduce coal use or to reduce methane, a potent greenhouse gas that leaks from oil and gas wells.
“That would be a huge consequence for the world,” he said. “Any time there is an opportunity to establish a closer relationship with China on climate, it is an opportunity that should be taken immediately.”
The United States and China are co-chairs of the Group of 20 Sustainable Finance Working Group, giving both countries an opportunity to work more closely on global climate matters.
Mrs. Yellen is the second Biden administration cabinet member to visit China in recent weeks; Mr. Blinken was there last month. In late July, President Biden’s special envoy for climate change, John Kerry, will visit to restart global warming talks between the world’s two biggest polluters.
In addition, President Biden will attend a forum in London on Tuesday aimed at finding ways to raise climate finance specifically to “sideline private finance for clean energy deployment and adaptation in developed countries,” White House national security adviser Jack Sullivan said Friday.
During her four-day trip to China, after years of growing distrust over trade wars and export restrictions on sensitive technology, Ms. In meetings this week, Ms. Yellen was critical, but frequent conversations between top officials could help prevent policy misunderstandings from festering.
While Ms. Yellen portrayed climate finance as an area where the two countries could cooperate, Washington is concerned about China’s reliance on fossil fuels. Over the past two years, China has been building more coal-fired power plants and expanding coal mines.
Chinese authorities plan to completely eliminate carbon emissions by 2060, starting by 2030. And China has led the world in installing solar power and exporting solar panels to other countries.
China is doubling down on coal use for national security reasons — it doesn’t want to rely heavily on imported oil and natural gas, which could be cut off in times of crisis.
China’s power experts say new coal-fired power plants will be used mainly at peak power demand, not 24 hours a day. But critics say the plants, once built, will inevitably damage the climate in the long term.